2nd Trimester Overview
for more look at 2nd trimester blog posts
The Second Trimester
- End of nausea for most
- More energy
- Feeling more like yourself again
- Looking pregnant
- Hunger will kick in
- Sciatic pain may appear. Read article here.
- Take your child birthing and/or parenting classes
- Spend time with friends
- Take a trip
The baby during the 4th month:
- Is the size of your open palm
- Gets stronger
- Begins to yawn and suck
- The nervous system continues to develop
- Baby hears mom’s voice and internal sounds of mom’s body
- As uterus expands you may feel pain in your pelvis as your round ligaments stretch to support the uterus. They can be sharp spasms or pains in your groin or under your belly.
- At this stage the uterus can put pressure on your vena cava, your main vein leading to the heart, which can be uncomfortable and cause varicose veins. You may decide to spend more time on your side or propped up to alleviate this. This is a good time to begin sleeping on your side. Try legs up the wall to avoid varicose and spider veins.
- Changes in your eyesight due to the pregnancy hormones which diminish tears and cause fluid build up within the eye. Eyesight will return to normal after birth recovery period.
- Sinus congestion and a stuffy nose due to hormonal shifts in your body
The baby during the 5th month:
- Her hearing has developed to hear sounds outside of the womb.
- She can detect light
- Begins to use his grip. He will start reaching for his nose, ear, or umbilical cord.
- You are showing by now and many women feel the power of themselves as women and the awesome wonder of creating a child.
- Bleeding gums are a side effect of the increased blood volume. If the bleeding seems excessive, have your gums checked for periodontitis - inflammation of the gums. This condition, if gone untreated, can lead to preterm labor. Gargling with sea salt, using a soft bristled toothbrush, and swishing with sesame oil all help to reduce bleeding gums.
- Burping and gas are more common now due to hormones as well as more space being taken by the baby.
The baby during the 6th month:
- Weighs about a pound and will weigh about 2 pounds by the end of month six
- Baby’s face is almost fully formed
- Many pregnant women see the appearance of the linea nigra - a dark line that extends from your belly button downward
- You feel more pregnant
- Backaches become more frequent as the weight of the baby grows and relaxin relaxes the muscles supporting the baby and loosens the hips.
- Dizziness - a sign you need to hydrate and rest more
- Heartburn - Relaxin also relaxes the sphincter which separates your stomach and esophagus allowing digestive juices to splash back into the esophagus. In addition, as baby grows she pushes the stomach upward making heartburn and acid reflux increase. Eating smaller meals will help this significantly. For more info read Heartburn article.